Body image disturbance in children and adolescents with eating disorders: Current evidence and future directions

About this resource

Body image is multifaceted and incorporates perceptual, affective, and cognitive components as well as behavioral features. Only few studies have examined the character of body-image disturbance in children/adolescents with eating disorders. It is unknown whether body-image disturbances in children/adolescent with eating disturbances are comparable to those of adult patients with eating disorders. Body-image disturbance might differ quantitatively and qualitatively according to the cognitive developmental status and the age of the individual. This paper provides an overview of the current evidence for body-image disturbance in children/adolescents with eating disorders, and how they compare with those adults with eating disorders. Current evidence indicates that older adolescent patients show similar deficits as adult patients with eating disorders, in particular for the attitudinal body-image component. However, evidence for a perceptual body-image disturbance in adolescent patients, in particular anorexia nervosa, is not conclusive. Reliable statements for childhood can hardly be made because clinical studies are not available. Investigations of body-image disturbance in children have focused on the predictive value for eating disorders. Limitations of the current evidence are discussed, and future directions for research and therapy are indicated. © 2014 Verlag Hans Huber, Hogrefe AG, Bern.

AuthorLegenbauer, T., Thiemann, P., Vocks, S.
JournalZeitschrift fur Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und

See also

Comparative study of children and adolescents referred for eating disorder treatment at a specialist tertiary setting

OBJECTIVE: To examine child and adolescent differences in the clinical presentation of eating disorders (EDs) at referral to a specialist pediatric program.

Read more

Developing and evaluating Cognitive Remediation Therapy (CRT) for adolescents with anorexia nervosa: A feasibility study

Background: Cognitive Remediation Therapy (CRT) aims at improving neuropsychological weaknesses and associated thinking styles in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN).

Read more

Inpatient cognitive behaviour therapy for anorexia nervosa: A randomized controlled trial

Background: The aim of this study was to compare the immediate and longer-term effects of two cognitive behaviour therapy programmes for hospitalized patients with anorexia nervosa, one focused exclusively on the patients' eating disorder features and the other focused also on mood intolerance, clinical perfectionism, core low self-esteem or interpersonal difficulties.

Read more

Longitudinal associations between resilience and quality of life in eating disorders.

Objective This study examined the longitudinal reciprocal associations between resilience factors, quality of life (QoL) domains, and symptoms of eating disorders (EDs).

Read more

Help us improve!

Give us feedback!

We will continue throughout 2020 to update and improve the NEDC website and welcome any feedback you may have on the site.

Provide feedback