Cognitive distortions in anorexia nervosa and borderline personality disorder.
About this resource
Thought-shape fusion (TSF) is a cognitive distortion associated with eating disorders (ED). A similar distortion, thought-abandonment fusion (TAbF), is assumed to occur in borderline personality disorder (BPD). In this study the specificity of TSF in participants with anorexia nervosa (AN) and TAbF in participants with BPD was examined. 63 patients completed questionnaires assessing the manifestation of trait-TAbF and trait-TSF, as well as relevant psychopathology. Nonparametric conditional inference trees were used to test for cognitive disorder-specificity. Participants with AN exhibited higher trait-TSF-scores than those with BPD, when participants with BPD and a co-occurring AN were removed. Trait-TSF in participants with AN seemed to be disorder-specific. Participants with BPD and a co-occurring AN had the highest TAbF-scores. The specificity hypothesis could only be partially confirmed for trait-TAbF: while participants with BPD and a co-occurring AN tended to have the highest trait-TAbF scores, high mean values could also be found in participants with AN. The results indicate that TAbF is not specific to BPD, but may also play a role in AN. Both distortions seem to play a role in the maintenance of the respective disorders.
The effectiveness of a day program for the treatment of adolescent anorexia nervosa
Objective: The risks of anorexia nervosa (AN) are well established.Read more
Existential well-being in younger and older people with anorexia nervosa - A preliminary investigation
OBJECTIVE: Previous research suggests that anorexic behaviour may be an attempt to introduce control into a chaotic environment, and that the need for stability and meaning in life is an important factor in the development of psychopathologies.Read more
Comparing operational definitions of DSM-5 anorexia nervosa for research contexts
OBJECTIVE: DSM-5 anorexia nervosa (AN) criteria include several changes that increase reliance on clinical judgment.Read more
Severe anorexia nervosa: Outcomes from a medical stabilization unit
OBJECTIVE: We report data from the medical stabilization and refeeding of patients with severe anorexia nervosa admitted over a 15-month period.Read more