Effects of an Appearance-Focused Interpretation Training Intervention on Eating Disorder Symptoms.

About this resource

BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that computerized interpretation bias modification (IBM) techniques may be useful for modifying thoughts and behaviours relevant to eating pathology; however, little is known about the utility of IBM for decreasing specific eating disorder (ED) symptoms (e.g. bulimia, drive for thinness). AIMS: The current study sought to further examine the utility of IBM for ED symptoms via secondary analyses of an examination of IBM for individuals with elevated body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) symptoms (see Summers and Cougle, 2016), as these disorders are both characterized by threat interpretation biases of ambiguous appearance-related information. METHOD: We recruited 41 participants for a randomized trial comparing four sessions of IBM aimed at modifying problematic social and appearance-related threat interpretation biases with a placebo control training (PC). RESULTS: At 1-week post-treatment, and relative to the PC, the IBM group reported greater reductions in negative/threat interpretations of ambiguous information in favour of positive/benign biases. Furthermore, among individuals with high pre-treatment bulimia symptoms, IBM yielded greater reductions in bulimia symptoms compared with PC at post-treatment. No treatment effects were observed on drive for thinness symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: The current study suggests that cognitive interventions for individuals with primary BDD symptoms may improve co-occurring ED symptoms such as bulimia.

AuthorSummers, Berta J.; Cougle, Jesse R.
JournalBehavioural and cognitive psychotherapy

See also

The role of email guidance in internet-based cognitive-behavioural self-care treatment for bulimia nervosa

Email has been progressively used as a means for providing therapeutic guidance and support for cognitive behavioural treatment (CBT) self-care programmes.

Read more

Periodontal condition, changes in salivary biochemical parameters, and oral health-related quality of life in patients with anorexia and bulimia nervosa.

BACKGROUND: Anorexia and bulimia nervosa can have significant effects on oral health.

Read more

Attachment and motivational systems: Relevance of sensitivity to punishment for eating disorder psychopathology.

An altered balance of reward and inhibition systems may explain Eating Disorder (ED) behaviors and could be related to difficulties in socio-emotional processing.

Read more

An experimental exploration of behavioral and cognitive-emotional aspects of intolerance of uncertainty in eating disorder patients

Objective: Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is an important concept in eating disorders (ED).

Read more

Help us improve!

Give us feedback!

We will continue throughout 2020 to update and improve the NEDC website and welcome any feedback you may have on the site.

Provide feedback