Renal complications in anorexia nervosa
About this resource
Purpose: Anorexia nervosa is a malady with possible long-lasting physiological consequences. Among these, little is known about the renal effects, which remain rarely investigated. Methods: A literature review was conducted using electronic databases and manual search of relevant articles, discussing the renal impacts of anorexia nervosa. Results: Renal failure has been described in malnourished patients, but the optimal non-invasive tool to assess the glomerular function rate in this population needs to be further evaluated. Significant disruptions in osmolar regulation, even in the absence of potomania, arise from multiple factors: hypothalamic dysfunction, intrinsic renal insufficiency, and use of psychotropic medications. Urinary urgency and nocturnal enuresis are frequent symptoms, rarely reported by patients. Among hydroelectrolytic disorders, hypokalemia is the most frequent, especially in settings of vomiting or medication misuse. Hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia, and hypophosphatemia may also be encountered. Urinary lithiases are relatively frequent as a consequence of dehydration, laxative use, or both. Conclusion: Investigation and follow-up of the renal function are essential in patients with an eating disorder, especially when the illness has been present for a long time. © 2014, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
Recruitment and retention in an adolescent anorexia nervosa treatment trial
Objective To investigate recruitment and retention for a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of adolescent anorexia nervosa (AN), as prior studies suggest that these are significant hurdles to completing meaningful RCTs in this population.Read more
Deaths by suicide among individuals with anorexia as arbiters between competing explanations of the anorexia-suicide link
Background: Suicide is a leading cause of death among individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN).Read more
Predictors of Complications in Anorexia Nervosa and Atypical Anorexia Nervosa: Degree of Underweight or Extent and Recency of Weight Loss?
PURPOSE: Adolescents with atypical anorexia nervosa (AAN) can experience severe physical complications despite not being underweight, posing questions about the contribution of weight loss to complications experienced in restrictive eating disorders (EDs).Read more
Vitamin D, bone mineral density and body mass index in eating disorder patients
Aim: To investigate associations of vitamin D with BMD and BMI in ED patients.Read more