Sport type and interpersonal and intrapersonal predictors of body dissatisfaction in high school female sport participants

About this resource

Through multiple group structural equation modeling analyses, path models were used to test the predictive effects of sport type and both interpersonal (i.e., mothers' body dissatisfaction, family dynamics) and intrapersonal factors (i.e., athletic self-efficacy, body mass index [BMI]) on high school female sport participants' (N= 627) body dissatisfaction. Sport types were classified as esthetic/lean (i.e., gymnastics), non-esthetic/lean (i.e., cross-country), or non-esthetic/non-lean (i.e., softball). Most participants reported low body dissatisfaction, and body dissatisfaction did not differ across sport types. Nevertheless, mothers' body dissatisfaction was positively associated with daughters' body dissatisfaction for non-esthetic/lean and non-esthetic/non-lean sport participants, and high family cohesion was predictive of body dissatisfaction among non-esthetic/lean sport participants. Across sport types, higher BMI was associated with greater body dissatisfaction, whereas greater athletic self-efficacy was associated with lower body dissatisfaction. These findings highlight the complex relationship between interpersonal and intrapersonal factors and body dissatisfaction in adolescent female sport participants.

AuthorKarr, Trisha M.; Davidson, Denise; Bryant, Fred B.; Balague, Gloria & Bohnert, Amy M.
JournalBody Image

See also

Workforce Core Competencies: A competency framework for eating disorders in Australia

Workforce core competencies for the safe and effective identification of and response to eating disorders.

Read more

Slimming Down for Sport : Developing a Weight Pressures in Sport Measure for Female Athletes

Previous research with female athletes has yielded equivocal findings when comparing disordered eating rates to nonathlete populations, but the rates differ for athletes in leanness and nonleanness sports (Sherman & Thompson, 2009).

Read more

Effects of physical activity, fitness and fatness on children's body image: The Australian LOOK longitudinal study

Background: Among children relationships between body image and body fat are well documented but less attention has been given to relationships with physical activity and fitness.

Read more

Practical Responses to Eating Disorders: A Guide to Implementing Responses to Eating Disorders in General Health Services

Implementation translates evidence into practice.

Read more

Help us improve!

Give us feedback!

We will continue throughout 2020 to update and improve the NEDC website and welcome any feedback you may have on the site.

Provide feedback