The implications of previous history of anorexia nervosa in patients with current bulimia nervosa: Alterations in daily functioning, decision-making, and bone status.
About this resource
OBJECTIVE: It is not yet clear what role previous history of anorexia nervosa (AN) plays in the clinical course of bulimia nervosa (BN). We aimed to investigate, using a comprehensive assessment, involving clinical characteristics, daily functioning, cognitive functions, and nutritional and physical markers in BN patients with a history of AN, and compare them with BN patients without a history of AN. METHODS: Eighty-five patients with a current episode of BN (35 with a lifetime history of AN) were analysed. Diagnoses were established according to the DSM-5 criteria. Patients completed neuropsychological tests and filled out validated psychiatric questionnaires. Sociodemographic data and nutritional and somatic illness markers were collected and investigated. RESULTS: BN patients with a history of previous lifetime AN had worse decision-making ability, worse general and specific functioning, decreased bone density, more antecedent of lifetime suicide attempts, more dietary restraint, and more frequent use of laxatives. The multivariate model shows that the history of AN is closely associated with worse decision-making ability, worse general function, and higher likelihood of lifetime suicide attempts. DISCUSSION: Prior history of AN is an important clinical question that should receive proper attention when treating BN patients, as this subgroup of patients may have specific care needs.
Body perception treatment, a possible way to treat body image disturbance in eating disorders: a case-control efficacy study.
BACKGROUND: The body image disturbance (BID) is a common symptom in eating disorders, often observed and described in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN).Read more
An Investigation of the Clinical Utility of the Proposed ICD-11 and DSM-5 Diagnostic Schemes for Eating Disorders Characterized by Recurrent Binge Eating in People with a High BMI.
The aims of this paper were to compare (1) the proportion of participants diagnosed with threshold or subthreshold Bulimia Nervosa (BN) and Binge Eating Disorder (BED) (clinical utility), and (2) the severity of participants' clinical features and mental Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) (convergent validity), when diagnosed according to either the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th edition (DSM-5) or the proposed International Classification of Diseases 11th edition (ICD-11) schemes.Read more
Genetic variants in dopamine pathways affect personality dimensions displayed by patients with eating disorders.
PURPOSE: We aimed to analyze the association between common polymorphisms in dopamine pathways with personality dimensions frequently present in patients with eating disorders (ED).Read more
Weight suppression as a predictor variable in treatment trials of bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder
OBJECTIVE:: The purpose of this study was to examine weight suppression (WS) as a predictor of treatment outcome among individuals with binge eating disorder (BED) and bulimia nervosa (BN).Read more