The implications of previous history of anorexia nervosa in patients with current bulimia nervosa: Alterations in daily functioning, decision-making, and bone status.
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OBJECTIVE: It is not yet clear what role previous history of anorexia nervosa (AN) plays in the clinical course of bulimia nervosa (BN). We aimed to investigate, using a comprehensive assessment, involving clinical characteristics, daily functioning, cognitive functions, and nutritional and physical markers in BN patients with a history of AN, and compare them with BN patients without a history of AN. METHODS: Eighty-five patients with a current episode of BN (35 with a lifetime history of AN) were analysed. Diagnoses were established according to the DSM-5 criteria. Patients completed neuropsychological tests and filled out validated psychiatric questionnaires. Sociodemographic data and nutritional and somatic illness markers were collected and investigated. RESULTS: BN patients with a history of previous lifetime AN had worse decision-making ability, worse general and specific functioning, decreased bone density, more antecedent of lifetime suicide attempts, more dietary restraint, and more frequent use of laxatives. The multivariate model shows that the history of AN is closely associated with worse decision-making ability, worse general function, and higher likelihood of lifetime suicide attempts. DISCUSSION: Prior history of AN is an important clinical question that should receive proper attention when treating BN patients, as this subgroup of patients may have specific care needs.
The validity of DSM-5 severity specifiers for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder
Objective The DSM-5 includes severity specifiers (i.e., mild, moderate, severe, extreme) for anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge-eating disorder (BED), which are determined by weight status (AN) and frequencies of binge-eating episodes (BED) or inappropriate compensatory behaviors (BN).Read more
The effect of gonadal and adrenal steroid therapy on skeletal health in adolescents and young women with anorexia nervosa
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is characterized by subnormal estrogen and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) levels.Read more
Mortality in eating disorders: a follow-up study of adult eating disorder patients treated in tertiary care, 1995-2010.
Elevated mortality risk in anorexia nervosa has been established, but less is known about the outcomes of bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder.Read more
Longitudinal changes in bone parameters in young girls with anorexia nervosa.
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) during childhood and adolescence has been reported to adversely affect bone health, but few studies have investigated longitudinal changes.Read more