The relationship between attachment scales and group therapy alliance growth differs by treatment type for women with binge-eating disorder
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The impact of the treatment context in influencing the relationship between attachment anxiety/avoidance and group therapy alliance growth was examined. Sixty-five women treatment completers with binge-eating disorder received 16 sessions of group cognitive behavioral therapy (GCBT) or group psychodynamic interpersonal psychotherapy (GPIP). Attachment scales were completed before treatment, and a group therapy alliance measure was completed after each therapy session. Growth curve modeling indicated an increasing linear growth in group therapy alliance for both treatments. For GPIP, higher attachment anxiety and lower attachment avoidance were each associated with alliance growth. These relationships were not evident for GCBT. The context of therapy likely activated (in the case of GPIP) or did not activate (in the case of GCBT) defensive attachment strategies.
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